20140311

[Easy Understanding] Baseball Acronyms (Batter and Pitcher)

Baseball game is complicated, but the statistics even drive you crazy, not mentioning the acronyms used. Here are some most often used acronyms with easy explanations. Let's learn something~! 

Batting Acronyms
R = Runs (times the player personally touched home plate)
1B = Single (player hits safely and reaches first base)
2B = Double (player hits safely and reaches second base)
3B = Triple (player hits safely and reaches third base)
HR = Home Run (player hits safely and reaches home plate on the same play)
RBI = Run Batted In (batter makes a play that causes a base runner to reach home plate. Most commonly, this happens through a base hit, a walk (base on balls), or sacrifice.)
SB = Stolen Base (base runner moves from the base they started the play on to the next base - either second, third or home – without the batter hitting the ball)
BB = Base on Balls (commonly called a ‘Walk’) – Once four pitches have been called “ball” by the umpire, the batter gets to go to first base without a hit.
K = Strike Out (a third strike other than a foul ball causes the batter to be “out”. A backwards K suggests the batter struck out by just looking at the strike, not swinging).
E = Error (A fielder makes a mistake that allows a baserunner or batter advance to the next base when the player should have been “out”)
AVG = Batting Average (for example .300 – this is the decimal representation of the percentage of times that a batter gets a hit versus the number of times he has an “at bat”. An AVG of .300 means the batter gets a hit 3 out of 10 times at bat)

Pitching Acronyms
W = Win (If the pitcher’s team takes the lead any time before he is no longer the current pitcher, and the team maintains any lead until the end of the game, that pitcher gets credit for the team win.)
L = Loss (If the pitcher allows a run, earned or unearned, that gives the opposing team a lead, and that opposing team maintains any lead until the end of the game, that pitcher gets credit for his team’s loss.)
CG = Complete Game (The pitcher who starts a game records every out against the opposing team until the end of the game is considered to have pitched a complete game. A pitcher can have a complete game and earn either a win or a loss)
SHO = Shutout (The starting pitcher does not give up a run and pitches a complete game. A shutout can only be a win for that pitcher.)
SV = Save (A relief pitcher records the last three outs of the game when his team has a lead of three runs or less. Also, if he records the final one to three outs at the end of the game once coming in to pitch after the potential tying run is next to bat. Finally, if he pitches the final three innings in a game and maintains the lead that ultimately wins the game.)
ER = Earned Run (A pitcher allows a run when no error by his defense is involved. If a pitcher leaves the game with men on base whom he allowed, and the next pitcher is unable to keep those base runners from scoring, the runs are attributed to the original pitcher.)
BB = Base on Balls or Walk (A pitcher throws four pitches called a “Ball” in one plate appearance before the batter reaches base safely otherwise or is called out.)
K = Strikeout (A pitcher throws at least three pitches that are called a “Strike” with the final strike occurring some way other than a foul ball.)
HLD = Hold (A relief pitcher records at least one out with his team holding no more than a three run lead, and does not give up that lead.)
ERA = Earned Run Average (The number of earned runs a pitcher allows over a nine inning span of pitching. Those nine innings can take place over an indefinite number of appearances.)
WHIP = Walks and Hits per Inning Pitched (For every three outs a pitcher records, how many combined hits and walks he allows.)

source: here

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